New Delhi: The Central Government has announced to call a five-day special session of Parliament from September 18 to September 22. The government’s announcement of calling this special session of Parliament has surprised everyone, including opposition parties and political pundits. On one hand, the Union Minister made the announcement, on the other hand, various speculations have started regarding the special session. Discussion also started that the government can announce Lok Sabha elections along with the assembly elections of 5 states to be held this year. Our associate newspaper Times of India, quoting sources, has reported that the ‘One Nation, One Law’ bill may also be included in the bills presented during this session. The purpose of this proposed law would be to provide for simultaneous conduct of Lok Sabha as well as State Assembly elections. On the other hand, the opposition has criticized the calling of a special session of Parliament. Parliamentary Affairs Minister Pralhad Joshi wrote on Thursday that amid the Amrit Kaal, meaningful discussion and debate is expected in the Parliament. What is the agenda? Nothing has been officially said by the government on the agenda of the special session. There is speculation that the government may introduce some major bills before the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. Sources say that parliamentary work in the special session may be shifted to the new building of Parliament. The success of Chandrayaan-3 mission and the government’s goals for ‘Amrit Kaal’ can also be a part of the discussion. However, the BJP-led government still has several important legislative and political agendas ahead of the 2024 elections. Three bills aimed at changing the IPC, CrPC and the Evidence Act are before the Standing Committee on Home Affairs for scrutiny. The government also plans to bring a population control bill. This session could be the last session (Concluding/Valedictory Session) of the 17th Lok Sabha. She may do this to showcase her successes before the Lok Sabha elections. It is also believed that the popularity is at its peak at this time. In such a situation, the Lok Sabha elections can be held ahead of time. This may increase the difficulties of the opposition faction India. The opposition faction has to decide about the PM’s face, seat distribution and common platform. Holding the Lok Sabha elections along with the elections of five states can prove beneficial for the BJP. It is believed that the special session of the Parliament will be held in the new building. can be organized in During this, there is also the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi. There is also talk that the government may introduce a One Nation, One Election Bill. However, there are logistical challenges in holding Lok Sabha elections and other state elections in such a short time. Apart from this, one may also have to face opposition from the opposition. There is also talk of introducing the Women’s Reservation Bill. However, 5 days is short in terms of time to reach a consensus on this issue. What is the routine of special session? Last time a special session of Parliament was held on the midnight of June 30, 2017 to implement GST. However, it was a joint sitting of Parliament. Earlier, a six-day special session was held in August 1997 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of India’s independence. Similarly, midnight sessions were held to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the ‘Quit India Movement’ on August 9, 1992 and the silver jubilee of India’s independence in 1972. For the record, the first special session was on August 14–15, 1947, on the eve of India’s independence. Normally, Parliament sits for three sessions in a year—Budget, Monsoon and Winter. The monsoon session of Parliament ended on 11 August. India’s announcement ahead of Mumbai meeting The announcement of the special session came on a day when the third meeting of the India Alliance of 28 opposition parties was to be held in Mumbai. The session is being held a few weeks before the announcement of elections for Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Mizoram. The elections will be keenly watched as there is a direct contest between BJP and Congress in three out of five states. The outcome of these assembly elections is sure to be seen as an indication of a Lok Sabha election ahead of the 2024 elections. What is the opposition saying? Congress’s Jairam Ramesh said the government’s decision is aimed at managing ‘news’ about India Block’s Mumbai meeting and to respond to the allegations against the Adani Group. Shiv Sena (UBT) leader Priyanka Chaturvedi said the special session called during Ganesh Chaturthi, India’s most important festival, is unfortunate. He said that it is against Hindu sentiments. Surprised at his choice of dates. Seva Pakhwada will be celebrated, the special session is starting a day after PM Modi’s birthday. BJP celebrates the 16-day period from Modi’s birthday to Gandhi Jayanti on October 2 as ‘Seva Pakhwada’. During this period various programs are organized across the country.